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A Manual for School and Home
Mattie Phipps Todd
Of the Motley School, Minneapolis, Minn.
With an Introduction by
Alice W. Cooley
Formerly Supervisor of Primary Schools, Minneapolis, Minn.
With Fifty-seven Illustrations
Weaving on a Hand Loom
Showing the necessary positions. The rug the little girl is weaving is made of heavy carpet wool. The body of the rug is golden brown, with stripes of deep blue and green, separated by narrow stripes of white
A woven mat of raffia, from a kindergarten pattern
in green and the natural color of the raffia .
Bed shoes of all sizes are easily woven, and make a useful holiday gift. They are made without soles and are intended to be drawn up around the ankle like a high moccasin. Use the soft double Germantown wool. White, fastened together with pink or blue, or white striped with a color, may be used, and are attractive. The socks in the illustration are of white wool with a pink seam up the instep and pink scallops around the top. One sock is shown on a last, and the other as it appears off the foot. The stripes in the knitting can be shown in the weaving by using a color. The full size of the loom makes a shoe of medium size. String a close warp with white wool. If the shoe is to be all white, weave with the same, leaving the color for the finishing. If it is to be striped, weave perhaps eight or ten times across with color and then with white; when the weaving is finished you will have a mat 9 × 12 inches. Double one of the short edges and sew over and over on the wrong side with white wool. This is the toe. The two long edges now lie together. They may be crocheted, or knitted, with colored wool by holding them close and fulling in, or by puckering a little. If this is done in color, it makes a pretty seam on the top of the foot and front of the ankle. The top may be finished by crocheting a beading and scallops of the colored wool. Run a ribbon or worsted cord through the beading. If desired, the long edges may be laced together with ribbon one-half inch wide. Baby shoes are made in the same way. To ascertain what length to adjust the loom, measure the sole, then up, back of the heel, to a point above the ankle. For the width, measure around the foot. Finish the cord with tassels or balls.
This was one of today's find at Gutenberg. It also have suggestions for songs and games.
The following weaving song in the Walker and Jenks book can be sung during the weaving. To be sure it is not really "over and under" when you think of them as children. Remember that they represent a mat, and they are for the time the strips and border.
(Sung to the tune of "Nellie Bly.") Anybody knows this tune?
Over one, under one,
Over one again.
Under one, over one,
Then we do the same.
Hi, weavers! Ho, weavers!
Come and weave with me!
You'll rarely find, go where you will,
A happier band than we!
Kate Douglas Wiggin (Mrs. Riggs) in her "Republic of Childhood" describes the game in this way:
Explanation of the game
"First choose a row of children for threads of the warp, standing at such a distance from each other that a child may pass easily between them. Second, choose a child, or children, for thread of woof. After passing through the warp, each child takes his place at the end and other children are chosen." In this way more children can take part than if a tape were used. Some teachers play it in a different way, using the desks with the seats turned up for the warp and the whole number of children for the woof, winding in and out all over the room. This is very delightful, indeed, if there is enough space for the children to pass easily without tripping on the iron supports of the desks. This is a good game for a rainy day, when there is no outdoor recess.
If you want to see how far spring has advanced around my house, head over to my Swedish blog.
fredag 19 mars 2010
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The twentieth century is the age of Woman; some day, it may be that it will be looked back upon as the golden age, the dawn, some say, of feminine civili-sation. We cannot estimate as yet; and no man can tell what forces these new conditions may not release in the soul of woman. The modern change is that the will of woman is asserting itself. Women are looking for a satisfactory life, which is to be determined from within themselves, not from without by others. The result is a discontent that may well prove to be the seed or spring of further changes in a society which has yet to find its normal organi-sation. Yes, women are finding themselves, and men are discovering what women mean.
From "The Position of Woman in Primitive Society, A Study of the Matriarchy", 1914, by C. Gasquoine Hartley, Alias: Mrs. Walter M. Gallichan, 1867-1928. She wrote books with titles like "The Truth About Woman", 1914 and "Women's Wild Oats - Essays on the Re-fixing of Moral Standards",1920
Last week Gutenberg posted four books with "women related" titles. I don't know if it was a coincident — but I thought today is a good day to present them.
This little book is an attempt to establish the position of the mother in the family. It sets out to investigate those early states of society, when, through the widespread prevalence of descent through the mother, the survival of the family clan and, in some cases, the property rights were dependent on women and not on men. I start from the belief that the mother was at one period the dominant partner in the sexual relationships. This does not, however, at all necessarily involve “rule by women.” We must be very clear here. What I claim is this. The system by which the family was built up and grouped around the mother conferred special rights on women. The form of marriage favourable to this influence was that by which the husband entered the wife’s family and clan, and lived there as a “consort-guest.” The wife and mother was director in the home, the owner of the meagre property, the distributor of food, and the controller of the children. Hence arises what is known as mother-right.
From "The Position of Woman in Primitive Society, A Study of the Matriarchy", 1914, by C. Gasquoine Hartley.
"Celebrated Women Travellers of the Nineteenth Century", 1903 by W. H. Davenport Adams tells the story of 21 women who traveled the world. Some of them more interesting than others — and some of them well-known, as Ida Pfeiffer, Mrs. Trollope and Fredrika Bremer. Only five of the women in this book seem to have been unmarried and traveling alone. There are several ladies, madams and one princess, I haven't read the whole book yet but I think at least some of the women traveled with their husbands.
I'm sure "A History of Witchcraft in England from 1558 to 1718" by Wallace Notestein from 1909 is worth reading — but it is still on my list for books to read.
"A Little Question in Ladies' Rights" from 1911 by Parker Fillmore is a book for children, and I'm not quite sure of its feminist qualities — I've just read parts of the book.
Only a few minutes ago I found another book that might be interesting to read: "Modern marriage and how to bear it" by Maud Churton Braby — the book was published in 1911, and seems to be interesting.